Category

National Security

Adapt Sri Lankan Intelligence Services to Face the Challenges of Today

By | Causes, National Security | No Comments

As a strategically positioned island nation, we have long been subjected to foreign powers trying to gain leverage over us to advance their own geopolitical goals. Adapting and modernizing Sri Lanka’s intelligence and counter-intelligence capabilities, in both the domestic and overseas spheres, will help us level the playing field and advance our national interest.

~ Moshe Dayan

Society Free from Hatred

By | Causes, Education, National Security | No Comments

Whatever the little development we Sri Lankans have achieved for the last 70yrs, it is sad to see that we all have fully accommodated hatred within us. No doubt the 30yrs of war and consumer-oriented society have contributed a lot to it. Now the war is over and I believe we all Sri Lankans need to go through a ‘POST WAR REHABILITATION’- a mental and physical cleansing program (not just the armed forces).

Today we see people full of hatred; we hear speeches, see activities full of hatred; be it Political or any other social issue (most occasions we see the points are valid and true though) what we see is hatred. this has seeped into every corner of every person in the society and it springs out in unexpected events in harmful ways; minor issues like one becomes aggressive in driving,  a child becomes aggressive in the event of losing a sports event, a parent becomes violent hearing the child is not able to get sufficient marks in exams, families split over small issues, religious leaders become violent , friends fight in social media, to major issues like ragging at universities  become terrorist acts, politicians spread hate instead gather people for greater cause, and ethnic and racial violence etc. The list can go on and on.

Its high time to put a big full stop to this!

We need a new era of ‘ Society free from Hatred’ starting from 2020. it will not come automatically; we need laws to encourage it, we need lots of activities, programs, education, social reforms, religious inputs, and leaders and a leadership to guide society towards that peaceful and beautiful society.

~ Madhangi Alwis

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Performance Management for Government Ministers

By | Causes, Education, National Security, Smart Cities | No Comments

Each government minister must be given a set of measurable, KPI based targets (goals, projects and/or rankings) that need to be achieved within a given time period. Failure to meet these targets must be met with performance management or potential penalties. Likewise, achievement of these targets must also be met with rewards such as an extension of their ministry duration.

This enables numerous benefits to the country and lessens government corruption. it will also motivate efficient and capable MPs to become ministers, while the country will be developed at a higher rate.

~ Damith Perera

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Cyber Self Defense Force

By | Causes, National Security, Technological Integration | No Comments

The modern warfare will definitely use cyber space to attack any government/country. Attackers can paralyse an economy by attacking vital servers/data centers which are used for almost all services such as water/electricity/gas/internet supply. We should keep in mind that modern societies are using IoT, AI, n-Society, e-Governement, etc., and the usage of these technologies are becoming more and more wide-spread.

Many developed countries maintain an army of “Cyber Soldiers” to monitor the net-traffic and identify malicious attacks targeting government networks. Sri Lanka has more than sufficient IT graduates who we can hire and train to be Cyber Soldiers.

~ Tunga Randeniye

Cyber Self Defence Force

By | Causes, National Security, Technological Integration | No Comments

The modern warfare will definitely use cyber space to attack any government/country. Attackers can paralyze an economy by attacking vital servers/data centers which are used for  almost all services such as water/electricity/gas/internet supply. We should keep in mind that the modern societies are using IoT, AI, n-Society, e-Governement etc. and the usage of these technologies becoming more and more wide-spread.

Many developed countries maintain an army of “Cyber Soldiers” to monitor the net-traffic and identify malicious attacks targeting government networks. Sri Lanka has more than sufficient IT graduates we hire and train to be Cyber Soldiers.

~ Tunga Randeniye

Accessible and convenient services from Government departments

By | Causes, National Security, Smart Cities, Technological Integration | No Comments

1. A unique ID number (similar to social security numbers) should be provided to every person at birth. That should be the unique identifier for that person until death. Biometric data should be included with this.

2. Every citizen should have a login to government services using the ID number, password. This system should be able to send text messages (or mobile notifications for better security) to the phone of the requester. Security of this service should be at the highest level with 2 step authentication.

3. All government departments should be a part of a wide government network connected through the same simple website.

4. Every government department (including the Inland Revenue) should provide all possible services online.

5. The progress of every request should be visible to the person submitting the request as the status of the application.

6. A Government Helpdesk should be setup with an automatic response system. E.g. When a citizen sends an email (or gives a phone call), an automated reply to the email with the reference number of the request should be sent. If it is a phone call, the reference number should be read out. That reference number should be quoted for further inquiries. Every help request should be followed up until resolved. There should be service levels for resolving issues (time periods)

7. The culture of government service has to improve. One example is responding to emails. At the moment, no one responds to emails and that is really disappointing.

This will reduce time spent on getting services from the government, reduce corruption and increase productivity.

Also will help reduce traffic as people do not need to travel to the city for every little thing.

~ Sulochana Bakmeewewa

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Tourist Security Program

By | Causes, Emerging Industries, National Security, Smart Cities, Technological Integration | No Comments

In the past few years, we have seen lots of harassment on foreigners (e.g., husband murdered, the story of a foreign couple from Tangalle who struggled for hours in the night to get legal support for harassment, a foreign lady from Passekudah harassed by a gang, and a security personal asking another lady out at a hotel lobby, etc).

These stories were on social media and was too late when action was taken. It paints a very bad picture of our great hospitality as these incidents were posted on international travel pages.

We should introduce a mobile app called “Self Defense” or similar, owned by the defense ministry, and get foreigners to install just after arriving or before using their passport details. Through this, they can record and capture any incident, and complain through that app which will automatically sync with a government database. Similar to 119, these incidents should be monitored 24×7 for immediate action. The app should use devise location and camera directly to capture the incident for accuracy of the footage.

We can promote this on foreign travel youtube channels to educate foreigners about the special security measures taken to protect them, as safety and security are very vital when promoting tourism. It will motivate travelers to get the world’s best-secured travel experience.

We can  of course expand this for locals as well.

~ Pathum Kalubowila

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A Safe Society for Women

By | Causes, Education, National Security, Technological Integration | No Comments

Sri Lanka can be proud to state that it has one of the highest female literacy and education rates in the world, but this has not necessarily translated into a society that is necessarily safe for women. A study conducted in 2017 indicated that 90% of women and girls in Sri Lanka have been sexually harassed on buses and trains at least once in their lifetime and over 50% say they have experienced violence on a regular basis.

A report by the United Nations reports that violence against women is widespread and underreported in Sri Lanka. Many reasons have been attributed to this prevalence including, lack of adequate legislation, extreme delays in the investigation of cases, and very low conviction rates of perpetrators. Although the National Plan of Action on Sex and Gender Based Violence (2016-2020) zero-tolerance principle was well intended, accountability is still misplaced.

As a Sri Lankan, I propose that a practical prevention strategy be developed and deployed with urgency that is focused on improving the safety of women in Sri Lanka. The new strategy should involve a government led campaign that includes developing a national mechanism for systemic data collection on gender-based violence; evidence based early interventions, such as school programs to address gender attitudes; and finally establishing an Independent Commission for Women to ensure a sustained and methodical effort to improve outcomes.

There are increasing studies that show there is a strong link between state security and the security of women – that is the sustainability of Sri Lanka’s peace can be predicted by how well it treats its women. Clearly this is an issue that has significant health, social, economic and cultural consequences.

Sri Lanka has so much to offer as a country, but as a state it has a duty to afford all its people – regardless of their gender – a safe community to live and prosper.

~ V Dissanayake

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Robotics and Artificial Intelligence to Strengthen Security

By | Causes, National Security, Smart Cities, Technological Integration | No Comments

1. Avoid accidents through vehicle movement recognition;
2. Identify unauthorised vehicles roaming with fake numbers or incorrect vehicle description;
3. Civil city traffic officers roaming undercover in normal cars and bikes with cameras recordings;
4. Government to own all billboards and will give the 2030 design how this helps govern security.

~ Shiraj

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Increase Sri Lanka’s Forest Cover

By | Causes, Education, Emerging Industries, National Security | No Comments

Sri Lanka’s forest density in 1882 was 82%. In 2019, it has plummeted to a meagre 16.5% (source: https://www.newsfirst.lk/2019/04/14/red-alert-by-mother-nature-sl-forest-density-reduced-from-85-to-16-5/).

Reforestation needs to be carried out as a priority in order to bring back our forest cover and protect our fragile biodiversity from further harm. In this warming climate, an increase in forest cover will bring about a welcome cooling effect on the island, protect against severe drought, and also improve the prospects of a sustainable tourism industry, just to name a few benefits.

Thick forest cover also acts as a strategic national security asset in times of conflict, as we saw during the war with the LTTE. It would prove invaluable in the unlikely event that we are invaded by a foreign power, as history has shown that no one fights well in someone else’s jungle.

~ Anjana Denagamage

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